Friday, September 11, 2020

Central Essay Writing Service

Central Essay Writing Service Big phrases, little phrases, made up words and even text communicate are all up for grabs. While easy prose is definitely fun to read, it’s not always essential to be understood. Good writing tells a story that the reader can relate to. Too usually, writers only choose themselves against other writers. Those with better vocabularies and slicker prose appear, by all technical accounts, to be the most effective of the group. For instance, “Write a paper 4 pages long.” If you get an assignment to write down four pages, one of the first questions that can likely come to thoughts is, “How many phrases are in four pages? ” If you should determine words per page, you need to use a words per page calculator. Good writers construct their writing in a means that’s understood by their target audience. It’s enough to think that good writing, and changing into an excellent author, requires formal training. There are plenty of completely different programs on-line for people who want to turn into writers. All of the best writers I know are additionally voracious readers. The extra you learn, and particularly the extra books you learn, the more you’re uncovered to excessive-quality writing. By assigning a word rely, teachers get a extra correct length of essay than they'd in the event that they assigned homework by pages. Can someone explain to me why so many people are obsessive about word rely and web page depend? If you’re a writer, shouldn’t writing nicely be an important thing? Why do writers appear to obsess over word rely and page count? There are situations if you’re given an assignment, not by word count, however assigned by the number of pages. That ought to be sufficient so that you can proceed order papers from that team. When you get nice results after the primary two orders, you may be positive you discovered a loyal companion for academic writing. You wish to see experience not solely within the feedback, but in the main reviews as properly. The purpose that teachers don’t assign numerous pages anymore is because it’s too easy to control pages. When college students used to write down on typewriters, it was common for academics to assign essays in number of pages. With the adoption of computers within the classroom, lecturers switched from pages to work rely because it was too simple for the computers to manipulate the font size and web page dimension. Next, despite the fact that the company claims to have “a stable low cost system,” there’s no clear description of this technique anyplace on the web site. Moreover, there’s no details about the reductions for first-time customers, which is a typical practice in the business. The company also makes an emphasis on hiring ENL writers only, however they fail to describe the precise onboarding process. If you start on the lookout for the best essay companies review, you’ll inevitably encounter Best Essays being recommended as one of the secure writing businesses. It’s been available since 1997, and it doesn’t have a single stain on its reputation. The service will take your money and refuse to supply refunds. The author could also be late with the supply or they could full a ineffective paper. Buy Essay Online claims to work with native English audio system and ESL writers, which suggests that prospects may have to pay further to get a native speaker to write their paper. The takeaway for all writers is that we are able to enhance, and we are not bound by an inborn, set degree of writing talent. This idea that some people are good writers whereas others are simply not may be actually crippling to a author. And that can solely occur if they've debunked the parable of the genius creator. Indeed, analysis in writing research reveals that improved writing may be taught to writers in any respect ranges. But we must first debunk the deeply held thought within the collective psyche that just some lucky individuals are good writers to be able to enhance openness to studying tips on how to write better. If an individual thinks their writing ability is stuck in place, enchancment is extremely tough, further solidifying as a self-fulfilling prophecy a perception that they're a hopeless cause. It simply offers students with writing samples and research help so as to help them perfect their essay writing abilities. Furthermore, EduBirdie doesn't tolerate plagiarism. At EduBirdie, professionals will bid on every assignment and the client can choose which bid to proceed with. You can belief a team that orders papers from different providers before reviewing them. The editors place orders and review all aspects of a service intimately.

How To Write An Essay

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Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Get The Best Essay

Get The Best Essay The specialists of customized essay writing service additionally share their experiences and reflections. It makes all of us writers, even if we don't professionally do this. Bloggers aren't exaggerating when they discuss some great benefits of with the ability to materialize their thoughts on paper. When I used this method, my professors typically talked about that my papers had been very “supply” heavy. Nothing is worse than ordering one thing that you simply want by a certain time, only to study that the essay has not been delivered. It is particularly important to hand in work on time in school, which is why each essay author makes sure to focus on timeliness as a high priority. Our paper writers are skilled in writing in any formatting fashion you want, whether or not it's APA, MLS, Chicago, Turabian, Vancouver, or any other. A Master’s degree in Classical Civilization from USC and a passionate love of all durations of historical past makes a superb author for tutorial papers. He likes to spend vacations on archaeological digs. A math degree from Baylor University led to a profession as a CPA. Now in private apply, she finds time to work as a writer for scholar providers, clearly focusing on financial topics. We will take your essay and make it flow like Hemingway. Our writers are extremely expert at catching even the slightest error. Hiring an essay writer online is a superb funding for you as a student. But there's nothing illegal about utilizing a service, and it may be a fantastic way to be taught and enhance your expertise. You can also improve your tutorial performance. There is a large amount of literature describing the benefits of expressing your ideas and feelings within the type of an essay. You get the possibility to learn from experienced professionals who're able to share their skills and knowledge with you. YouTube doesn't permit ads for essay writing and shall be removing paid promotions for those providers as they uncover them, the spokesperson stated. You could write faster or slower than this relying on your average writing velocity. Adults usually type at about 40 phrases per minute when writing for enjoyment and 5 phrases per minute for in-depth essays or articles. College college students sometimes want to be able to write at words per minute in order to quickly write essays. The thought shouldn't put you off, in search of assist on your educational wants. A lot of scholars are concerned about being caught using Edubirdie. There is the concern that their professor or trainer will find out and punish them for using a writing service. Talk to the author â€" keep up-to-date with the writing course of to make sure that everything goes easily. Always provide them with all the data you've for the very best quality paper. We have by no means encountered an issue with students using our writing service and being caught. However, at the identical time, they at all times gave me A’s. Like the five sentence trick, this system makes the writing course of simpler. Instead of placing the primary focus on writing properly, it instead forces you toresearchwell, which some students discover simpler. As I was writing a paper for a literature class, I realized that the articles and books I was reading said what I was making an attempt to say a lot better than I ever could. That received’t happen whenever you hire the most effective essay writers on-line. Essay writing can take days and generally weeks should you're not fully acquainted with the subject. You can, nonetheless, save lots of your time and spend it with family and friends - you can even get sufficient time to proceed doing your part-time job. Just come to and let considered one of our trained and skilled essay author do the magic for you. Do you realize why we are able to declare that the standard is going to be nice? We assign the perfect writer to every task. If you desire a literature essay, we’ll delegate the order to a author with a Master’s or Doctoral degree in literature. You’ve come right here because you are doubtless beneath plenty of stress about your essay. That’s why we need to ensure all you must do is place your order after which be certain that your assigned essay author will ship the essay to you before your deadline.

Friday, August 28, 2020

Pro Essay Writer

Pro Essay Writer Another scholarship essay length you could encounter is 1,000 words. With a 1,000-word scholarship essay, you will need to quote sources and supply detailed references to assist your claims. 1,000+ word essay prompts are sometimes used for writing competitions, where you may be requested to create a fictional story. The extra size gives room for extra creativity, however it additionally requires more time to put the right piece together. 500-word scholarship essays provide extra writing flexibility than 250-word essays. Here are 15 indicators you’re a writer, even if you really feel in any other case. Regardless of the place you find yourself, one factor is never absent from your sideâ€"some form of writing materials, whether it’s paper and a pen, or a digital memo. Some people assume it weird but, to you, it’s just the way you are. Ever since you realized the distinction between the letters ‘A’ and ‘B’, you’d quite write it than say it. The information supplied on this weblog is for informational purposes only. The theme of the essay can range from private achievements to political controversies. This means you possibly can adjust your writing style to fit the message of the prompt. A paper written by will be of a excessive normal and won't require enhancing or proof-reading. However, if you want your individual writing to be edited, we do supply this service, and our rates are aggressive. This information will clarify tips on how to write a 500-word scholarship essay. Discipline your self to commit a couple of hours a day to completing your paper. When I do this, I write down each single word and thought that involves thoughts for an hour straight, and earlier than I comprehend it, I am writing complete strains of textual content. With a shorter word depend, you are often pressured to summarize lengthy-winded ideas into quick to-the-point snippets. 500 words provide you with extra room to precise your opinion. Yet, it's still brief sufficient that it does not want footnotes and cited sources, usually. 500-word essays do not have to be exactly 500 words, however they need to be as close as possible. The essay immediate may say “in under 500 words” or “in a minimum of 500 words,” which might state whether 500 is the minimal or most word depend. You go back to the piece you were praised about and read it time and again, such as you had been trying to search out the explanation for the compliment. Whenever you're feeling offended, lonely or simply depressed, your greatest friend isn’t the bottle, however that piece of paper next to you. If days cross with out you writing something down, your feelings may go berserk. At this point, you realize it’s time to return to your first love. Some persons are born with specific qualities that others lack. We reserve the right to make deletions, additions, or modifications to the content at any given time without prior discover. In some instances we may be compensated on an affiliate basis when customers take sure actions. In order to comply with FTC guidelines we wish to be transparent that ScholarshipOwl might get compensated by corporations and/or companions primarily based on an affiliate or advertiser partnership. If that info just isn't specified, write as a lot as you should comprehensively tackle the immediate with out frivolous content. During your scholarship purposes, you could need to submit a 500-word essay answering a selected question. Some key necessities for writing a good essay are making certain a logical circulate of content material and easy transitions but additionally utilizing compelling evidence taken from trustworthy sources. A lot is dependent upon how charming/ unique your info is, so focusing on content high quality is crucial. It is intended to supply opinions and educational information. It is not intended as particular person advice and shouldn't be taken as substitute for skilled advice. We assume no duty for errors or errors. We would possibly get compensated for example for mentioning companions, by you, the person, making a clicking, buying, or signing up for a product or service through a tracking hyperlink. In no means are we responsible for the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of any data on these exterior web sites. Get all your ideas on paper, and you can prolong or shorten the essay through the enhancing course of.

Tuesday, June 2, 2020

Great Ambition in Macbeth - Free Essay Example

Ambition, if genuinely pursued, can lead to many astonishing goals accomplished over a short period of time. Once we have our ambitions and progress further through them, we start to become blind of certain things we cannot see we are doing wrong. We start to have a narrow view of who we are and because you’re in your â€Å"own little fantasy†, it is hard to see any of your imperfections, corruption, or mistakes. Then, start to be in denial from people trying to correct us, tell us we are wrong for certain things, but we are so full of pride and integrity of our achievements we do not see these warnings as such, but we see it as just a ball of hatred, negativity, and envy. Until eventually all the this stress from this energy builds up and we take it out on the ones we love (or at least onced loved) or take it out on ourselves. Great ambition or lust for power ultimately bring ruin and evil can be disguised as something nice looking, blinding us from our degrading foundation until it makes us fall and not allowing us to see our mistakes or personal issues and take responsibility for those actions. Once a person has reached a point while pursuing an ambition (or already reaching the peak of them), they (most of the time) can never realize the people who helped them to get to that point, or more importantly who they came up with to reach those goals once their there. In Shakespeare’s tragic novel Macbeth, the character Macbeth could not remember the people who gave him the extra support to go through with his idea and ambition to become king. â€Å"The, Vera 2 trusted home, might yet enkindle you unto the crown, besides the thane of Cawdor. But ‘tis strange. And oftentimes, to win us the instruments of darkness tell us truths, Win us with honest trifles, to betray’s in deepest consequences†(Act 1, Scene 3). Banquo heard of the prophecies from the witches with Macbeth and although he saw that there could be consequences included in what the witches were saying, he still tried to help Macbeth and gave him moral support. Macbeth later ended up killing Ban quo, even though Banquo was always loyal and humble to him since the beginning when Macbeth took the throne. â€Å"Come spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, and fill me from the crown to the toe top-full of direst cruelty†. Lady Macbeth was so proud of the good news from which Macbeth received from the witches that she started to â€Å"possess demons† (Act 1, Scene 5) (not only showing how loyal she was to Macbeth but as well as showing how evil she was) to be on their side so this prophecy could come true. It is hard for people to see their weaknesses or flaws once you have reached a certain point in your life, where they feel they have succeeded and reach the ambitions that make them happy. When people call others out for their flaws, peoples first instinct is to immediately try to defend themselves, but sometimes they cannot look in the mirror and see that is true for themselves. â€Å"O treachery! Fly good Fleance, fly, fly, fly! Thou may’st revenge O slave† (Act 3 Scene 3). Here Banquo is killed by Macbeth, the effect that was provoked by Macbeth’s own envy causes one of his most loyal companions to die at his hands, Macbeth not being able to see the wrong he is doing. As the tragic story develops more and more we see Macbeth’s corruption increasing because no one steps in to tell him its wrong, building up his corruption and eventually making everyone fear him. â€Å"O full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife† (Act 3 Scene 2). At this point in the tragedy, Lady Macbeth could have told Macbeth he was wrong for Vera 3 his envy and that he should be proud Banquo’s sons would become kings, but instead she encourages these though ts, which is what leads to their ultimate demise. â€Å"Avaunt, and quit my sight! Let the earth hide thee. Thy bones are marrowless; thy blood is cold; Thou hast no speculation in those eyes which thou dost glare with† (Act 3 Scene 5). Once again, Macbeth corruption and madness is revealed again in this scene but no one in the room does anything to help him, they feel scared and helpless under Macbeth’s rule.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Alice Freeman Palmer and Higher Education for Women

Known for: president of Wellesley College, noted essay on why women should attend college. Dates: February 21, 1855 - December 6, 1902 Also known as: Alice Elvira Freeman, Alice Freeman Alice Freeman Parker was known not only for her innovative and dedicated work for higher education in her capacity as president of Wellesley College, but for her advocacy of a position somewhere between women being educated to be the equals of men, and women being educated primarily for traditional womens roles.  She firmly believed that women need to be of service to humanity, and that education furthered their ability to do so.  She also recognized that women would be unlikely to do so in traditional male occupations, but could work not only in the home to educate another generation, but in social service work, teaching, and other occupations that played a role in creating a new future. Her speech on Why Go to College? was addressed to young girls and their parents, giving them reasons for girls to be educated.  She also wrote poetry. Excerpt from Why Go to College?: Our American girls themselves are becoming aware that they need the stimulus, the discipline, the knowledge, the interests of the college in addition to the school, if they are to prepare themselves for the most serviceable lives.But there are still parents who say, â€Å"There is no need that my daughter should teach; then why should she go to college?† I will not reply that college training is a life insurance for a girl, a pledge that she possesses the disciplined ability to earn a living for herself and others in case of need, for I prefer to insist on the importance of giving every girl, no matter what her present circumstances, a special training in some one thing by which she can render society service, not amateur but of an expert sort, and service too for which it will be willing to pay a price.   Background Born Alice Elvira Freeman, she grew up in small town New York.  Her fathers family came from early New York settlers, and her mothers father had served with General Washington. James Warren Freeman,  her father, took on medical school, learning to be a physician when Alice was seven, and Elizabeth Higley Freeman, Alices mother, supported the family while he studied. Alice started school at four, having learned to read at three. She was a star student, and was admitted to Windsor Academy, a school for boys and girls. She became engaged to a teacher at the school when she was only fourteen. When he left to study at Yale Divinity School, she decided that she, too, wanted an education, and so she broke the engagement so that she could enter college. She was admitted to the University of Michigan on trial, though she had failed the entrance exams. She combined work and school for seven years to gain her B.A. She took a position teaching in Lake Geneva, Wisconsin, after she completed her degree. She had only been out of school a year when Wellesley first invited her to become a math instructor, and she declined. She moved to Saginaw, Michigan, and became a teacher and then the principal of a high school there. Wellesley invited her again, this time to teach Greek. But with her father losing his fortune, and her sister ill, she chose to remain in Saginaw and help support her family. In 1879, Wellesley invited her a third time. This time, they offered her a position at the head of the history department. She began her work there in 1879. She became vice president of the college and acting president in 1881, and in 1882 became president. In her six years as president at Wellesley, she significantly strengthened its academic position. She also helped found the organization that later became the American Association of University Women, and served several terms as president. She was in that office when the AAUW issued a report in 1885 debunking misinformation about the ill effects of education on women. In late 1887, Alice Freeman married George Herbert Palmer, a philosophy professor at Harvard. She resigned as president of Wellesley, but joined the board of trustees, where she continued to support the college until her death. She was suffering from tuberculosis, and her resignation as president allowed her to spend some time recovering. She then took up a career in public speaking, often addressing the importance of higher education for women. She became a member of the Massachusetts State Board of Education and worked for legislation that promoted education. In 1891--2, she served as a manager for the Massachusetts exhibit at the Worlds Columbian Exposition in Chicago. From 1892 to 1895, she took a position with the University of Chicago as dean of women, as the university expanded the female student body. President William Rainey Harper, who wanted her in this position because of her reputation which he believed would draw women students, permitted her to take the position and be in residence for only twelve weeks each year. She was permitted to appoint her own subdean to take care of immediate matters. When women had established themselves more firmly among the students at the University, Palmer resigned so that someone who could serve more actively could be appointed. Back in Massachusetts, she worked to bring Radcliffe College into formal association with Harvard University. She served in many voluntary roles in higher education. In 1902, while in Paris with her husband on a vacation, she had an operation for an intestinal condition, and died afterwards of heart failure, only 47 years old.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Dell The Worlds Fastest Growing Pc Market - 2379 Words

Lenovo Facts and background Dell entered into China, the world s fastest growing PC market in 1998. Even though it was a late entrant, Dell initially succeeded through its direct business model, which is primarily aimed at industry and public service units. But this approach will leave the Chinese consumers desire to touch the product before buying. Although the actual growth of the zones, the third and fourth tier cities are left behind. But the Chinese grass was tamed domestic brand, Lenovo. It s relational and efficient supply chain business model, combined with the commercial network helped Lenovo corner 35% market share; Dell continues to dip. But 2005 was a challenging year for Dell. Not only did the company s struggles in the consumer electronics segment, which leads to the cancellation of MP3 players, but also the core of the PC segment, Dell was the corner of its traditional competitors, such as Hewlett-Packard and Gateway, and new competitors, such as Lenovo and Acer. This result ed in lower average sales prices of Dell products and operating margin weakened. Dell has problems on various fronts; the share price fell to $ 29 in October 2005. (IBS Case Development Centre, 2015) In December 2004, Lenovo s acquisition of China s leading computer manufacturers IBM s PC division of $ 1.75 billion dollars. The transaction generated $ 13 billion business, which accounts for 8% of the global PC market. The takeover meant the integration of IBM by Lenovo sShow MoreRelatedAcer Case Study1641 Words   |  7 Pagescreation of empowering hardware, software, and services (Acer Group - The Brands, 2013). The company believes the four different brands provide the company with different characteristics that allow them to target different customer needs in the global market. Acer is currently ranked the fourth largest computer maker in the world. The company has over 8,000 employees and had sales of $15.7 billion dollars in 2011 (Acer Group - Overview, 2013). Lenovo is anther global corporation that operates with centersRead MoreDell Computers Strategy1703 Words   |  7 PagesDell Computers Strategy Global companies play an important role in the business environment, because they connect their business together around the world. A good example of a global company is Dell Inc., an American computer-hardware company, headquartered in Austin Texas, which develops, manufactures, sells and supports a wide range of personal computers, servers, data storage devices, network switches, personal digital assistants (PDAs), software, computer peripherals, and more. They designRead MoreLenovo1745 Words   |  7 Pagesproducts are widely welcomed by users in China. Lenovo also has extensive product line for the Chinese market, including mobile handsets, servers,and digital products. Lenovo Groups development is broadly divided into three stages: the first stage is the start-ups and survival stages; The second stage is to solve the problem of existence.; the third is spending huge sums on the acquisition of IBMs PC division, and begin the development of international strategy. BRIEF INTRODUCTION Lenovo Group wasRead MoreStrategic Management : The World s Second Largest Pc Vendor1828 Words   |  8 Pagesinvest its resources. It is well known that Lenovo is the world’s second-largest PC vendor ,as well as the China’s second-largest smartphone company, manufacturing desktops, smartphones, tablets and smart TVs and own accessories (Lenovo website, n.d.). Having changed its name to â€Å"Lenovo† since 2003, the company has decided to expand its market outside China by carrying out a series of effective management strategies, particularly in PC+ strategy, multi-brand strategy, â€Å"protect and attack† strategyRead MoreDell Executive Summary6023 Words   |  25 PagesExecutive Summary Dell Computer Corporation was established in 1984 and today ranks among the worlds largest computer systems companies. Dell pioneered the concepts of selling personal computer systems directly to customers; offering build-to-order computer systems; and providing direct, toll-free technical support and next-day, on-site service. The company designs and customizes products and services to end-user requirements, and offers an extensive selection of peripherals and software. DellsRead MoreSunzi Assignment- Ibm4641 Words   |  19 PagesPalmisano. IBM manufactures and sells computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure services, hosting services, and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology. IBM has been well known as one of the worlds largest computer companies and systems integrators. With over 388,000 employees worldwide, IBM is one of the largest and most profitable information technology employers in the world. IBM holds more patents than any other U.S. based Technology CompanyRead MoreSunzi Assignment- Ibm4648 Words   |  19 PagesPalmisano. IBM manufactures and sells computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure services, hosting services, and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology. IBM has been well known as one of the worlds largest computer companies and systems integrators. With over 388,000 employees worldwide, IBM is one of the largest and most profitable information technology employers in the world. IBM holds more patents than any other U.S. based Technology CompanyRead MoreMichael Dell – Leadership Case Study4233 Words   |  17 PagesMichael Dell – Leadership Case Study Case Study Please note: This case study was compiled from published sources, and is intended for use as a basis for class discussion and for information purposes only. While care is taken to ensure correctness of the facts, accuracy of information cannot be guaranteed and the content should not be taken as a substitute for professional advice. Unauthorized distribution of this document electronically or otherwise is prohibited. Please contact info@casestudyincRead MoreDell Direct9051 Words   |  37 PagesGRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS STANFORD UNIVERSITY CASE NUMBER: EC-17 November 2000 DELL DIRECT1 In 1995, a manager from a leading Japanese computer company was recounting his company’s plans to conquer the US Personal Computer (PC) market: â€Å"We have a strong brand name in consumer electronics, and what’s most important, we build many of the components that are needed in the PC ourselves: monitors, audio equipment, CD-ROM, DRAM, and so on. This will give us a tremendous advantage over American competitorsRead MoreDell Marketing Strategy9923 Words   |  40 Pages10/28/2010 | | Dell Co. Marketing Plan | C.E.O Patrick Eversull C.F.O. Anthony Chapman C.O.O. Thomas Jackson President of Tactics Stephen Miclette C.E.O Patrick Eversull C.F.O. Anthony Chapman C.O.O. Thomas Jackson President of Tactics Stephen Miclette Executive Summary For many years the Dell Corporation has been the fastest growing entity in the computer industry and is considered a pioneer in direct marketing. With the Pc industry being such a unique industry with its super

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Competitive Strategy for Technological - Legal and Environmental

Question: Discuss about theCompetitive Strategy for Technological, Legal and Environmental. Answer: Introduction The essay will be highlighting the tools that help in providing competitive strategy to the organizations, which will allow them to function in a proper manner so that the external and the internal threats can be identified properly. The organizations need to have a clear understanding of the threats and the opportunities that are there in the market that may affect the company in an internal or an external manner. The essay will be highlighting the PESTLE analysis and the Five Forces analysis that affect the company in an external manner and SWOT analysis that helps in evaluating the internal operations of the company by examining the strengths that are present. These competitive strategy tools will help in providing Fonterra a competitive advantage in the market so that they can gain a better market share and increase the attractiveness among the customers. PESTLE analysis This is an important tool, as it helps in taking in to consideration the external environment under which the organization is performing so that it can help in providing a clear idea before they are ready to launch a new product within the market so that it can be successful. The analysis is an abbreviation that stands for Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Legal and Environmental (Kolios and Read 2013). The political factors will help Fonterra in deciding the regulatory frameworks that will help them in offering the products in the market by abiding to the rules and regulations lay down in the country. The economic factors will help the organization in getting a better knowledge of the performance of the country with respect to the economy so that the company can be able to increase its chances of profits. The social factors will help Fonterra in indentifying the society in which they are operating so that so that they can take in to account the needs and preferences of the customers (Shaw 2015). The technological factors will enable Fonterra in getting a better understanding of the new technologies that are available in the market so that it can result in increasing the production within the organization. This will allow the company in gaining a competitive advantage in the market as well. The legal factors will help Fonterra in adhering to the safety rules and regulations that are present so that they can work in an ethical manner (Baldwin et al. 2014). The environmental factors allow the company in highlighting the surrounding environment where they are carrying out with the operations. It will also enable them in understanding the natural forces that may destroy the production (Yadavalli and Heggers 2013). Five Forces analysis This competitive strategy will help Fonterra in evaluating the position and the competitive strength that they have within the dairy industry. The organizational strength can be determined, which will help in providing the actual position of the organization in the chosen markets so that the ways can be identified that will help in increasing the profits of the company. The power of the supplier has to be determined by Fonterra so that it can help them in analyzing the impact that the suppliers can create within the industry (Spicka 2013). It will also enable the organization in analyzing the cost of switching to the new company. The power of the buyers also needs to be taken in to account by the company, as they play an important role in the reduction of prices within the market. It will also enable the organization in evaluating the willingness of the customers to pay for the products (Noble 2017). The rivalry among the competitors will enable Fonterra in understanding the abilities that the competitors will have in influencing the product within the market. Most of the competitors in the dairy industry provide the products that are similar to Fonterra, which results in decreasing the attractiveness of the product in the local market (Yadavalli and Geggers 2013). The threat that comes from the substitutes needs to be evaluated so that Fonterra can understand the ability of the customers in switching over to a new product when they try to increase the price of the products in the market. The new companies that are gaining entry in the market needs to be analyzed by Fonterra so that it can help in understanding the profitability ration that the company can likely achieve when the new companies will operate in the market (Raven, Cocks and Hayes 2014). SWOT analysis This analysis will help Fonterra in analyzing the strengths and the weakness so that they can overcome the weakness based on the opportunities that are provided within the market. This competitive strategy tool will help in analyzing the internal environment of the company so that they can maximize the level of efficiency within the company. The strengths of the company will help in evaluating the core competencies that are present so that the quality and the quantity of the production can be maintained, which will provide them with a competitive advantage (Ingaldi and Skurkova 2014). The identification of the weaknesses of the company is mandatory for Fonterra, as it has to be improved that will provide the competitive to achieve the economies of scale in a better manner. It will also provide the organization an opportunity to evaluate the weakness so that they can take a better step and analyze the strategies that are present within the organization (Seifu and Doluschitz 2014). The opportunities have to be identified by Fonterra so that it can help them in improving their business in an efficient manner. This would result in increasing their level of profits so that they can be profitable in the market. Fonterra needs to evaluate the options that are present to them as opportunities so that they can help in increasing their volume of sales in the market. It will also result in identifying the loopholes that has not been capitalized so that it can help in increasing the goodwill of the company in the market (Passetti et al. 2016). The threats need to be analyzed in a proper manner by the company so that it can help in understanding the market dynamics that are present in the market. This will allow the company in eliminating the threats that are present in the market so that the company can function in an efficient manner. The managers of Fonterra needs to have a better insight regarding the strengths and weaknesses of the organization that are present inter nally so that they can identify the threats and the opportunities and operate in a proper manner (Seifu and Doluschitz 2014). Conclusion It can therefore be concluded that the tools that are present in analyzing the competitive strategy of the company will result in protecting the internal as well as the external environment in an efficient manner. It will help the managers of Fonterra in understanding then position of the company within the dairy industry as well as in the overall Australian market. It will also allow Fonterra in analyzing the risks and identify the opportunities that are present in the market so that they can be competitive and increase the attractiveness of the products in the market. Reference List Baldwin, R.L., Zhang, A., Fultz, S.W., Abubeker, S., Harris, C., Connor, E.E. and Van Hekken, D.L., 2014. Hot topic: Brown marmorated stink bug odor compounds do not transfer into milk by feeding bug-contaminated corn silage to lactating dairy cattle.Journal of dairy science,97(4), pp.1877-1884. Ingaldi, M. and k?rkov, K.L., 2014. Company strategy determination in food company using SWOT method.Acta Technologica Agriculturae,17(3), pp.66-69. Kolios, A. and Read, G., 2013. A political, economic, social, technology, legal and environmental (PESTLE) approach for risk identification of the tidal industry in the United Kingdom.Energies,6(10), pp.5023-5045. Noble, D., 2017.Forces of production: A social history of industrial automation. Routledge. Passetti, R.A.C., Eiras, C.E., Gomes, L.C., Santos, J.F.D. and Prado, I.N.D., 2016. Intensive dairy farming systems from Holland and Brazil: SWOT analyse comparison.Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences,38(4), pp.439-446. Raven, L.A., Cocks, B.G. and Hayes, B.J., 2014. Multibreed genome wide association can improve precision of mapping causative variants underlying milk production in dairy cattle.BMC genomics,15(1), p.62. Seifu, E. and Doluschitz, R., 2014. Analysis of the dairy value chain: Challenges and opportunities for dairy development in Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia.International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research,2(6), pp.224-233. Shaw, A., 2015. A PESTLE analysis for the Pharmaceutical Industry. Spicka, J., 2013. The competitive environment in the dairy industry and its impact on the food industry.Agris on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics,5(2), p.89. Yadavalli, R. and Heggers, G.R.V.N., 2013. Two stage treatment of dairy effluent using immobilized Chlorella pyrenoidosa.Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering,11(1), p.36.

Saturday, April 18, 2020

Should developing countries be exempted from WTO rules Essay Example Essay Example

Should developing countries be exempted from WTO rules? Essay Example Paper Should developing countries be exempted from WTO rules Essay Introduction There are many sound supportive arguments for the view that developing nations have to be exempt from WTO rules. This essay will look into these in detail, while also presenting the rationale behind opposing viewpoints. Foremost among the arguments supporting exemption is the historical disadvantage suffered by developing countries. For example, most of the countries whose economies are in transition today are erstwhile colonies of European imperialist states. As a result of exploitation and usurpation of resources during the process of imperialism, these nations were left highly indebted and economically weak. Hence, there is a strong case to be made for WTO rules exemption from a post-colonial reparation perspective. Alongside several emerging economies, many other countries that presently fall under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) category are former colonies for European imperialism (Cappelen, 2007). Moreover, the prevailing political chaos in most of these countries i s partly due to the abrupt transition of power from the imperialists to the local elite – a transition that did not make provisions for the establishment of democratic institutions and processes. Already, the implementation of the HIPC Initiative, which was conceived and proposed by the World Bank and its agencies, is one of the methods through which some developing nations are exempted from paying their debt. But countries such as India, China, Russia, Brazil, among others, which do not qualify for the HIPC program, are presently made to compete with advanced economies of North America and Europe, which is a little unfair, given that the they too have a claim for post-colonial reparations (Mcclough, 2006). The process of economic globalization and attendant free trade practices promoted by WTO has become ubiquitous in the new neo-liberal world order of the last few decades. However, all too often, the flaws inherent in this system have caused distress to sections of populati on in the developing world. Moreover, free trade â€Å"means that countries that do not enjoy a comparative advantage have to move resources to more productive sectors or activities, which is usually a painful process. The benefits of liberalized trade are equally distributed among all consumers, but categories of producers suffering from cheap imports may oblige the state to intervene. So many governments are tempted during recessions to slow the adoption of open trading policies in order to secure national independence. Where production is essential for national defence, it may be supported directly through procurement practices rather than indirectly by protection. In other sectors of the economy, tariffs and contingents are still powerful instruments of the state when the national interest requires the survival of inefficiently operating firms or sectors.† (Jilberto Mommen, 1996) Should developing countries be exempted from WTO rules? Essay Body Paragraphs Since business corporations are the facade of the process of globalization, the free trade rules are seldom concerning sovereign nations alone. In reality, the free trade practices promoted by WTO are driven by powerful business interests. Often, the power and influence of transnational corporations transcends and transgress the sovereignty of nations and the constitutional rights of local populations. The loopholes of international business law allow these Multinational Corporations (MNCs) to go scot-free and evade accountability toward the citizens of the countries in which they operate in. While the activities of MNCs in developing countries can either be bolster up the Gross Domestic Product of the country, recent evidence suggests that the effects on living standards minimal to none for a majority of the population. The primary criticism levelled against existing WTO rules is that it perpetuates lack of accountability and irresponsibility on part the practitioners of the neo-lib eral agenda (Narlikar, 2003). While global financiers and speculators can accurately evaluate the values of tangible assets, more often than not the measure of intangible consequences of a business corporation’s operations are not accounted. In other words, certain ‘externalities’ such as pollution of water sources, global warming, internal displacement of people are not accounted for, which makes prevailing WTO rules quite unfair (Colares, 2009). Hence there is a strong case for exempting developing countries from select WTO rules on these grounds. The WTO and the United Nations have always argued that an international free trade system without specific exemptions to any country is a sound policy. These institutions state that developing countries have to adopt WTO rules as they exist in order to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set for 2015. In this regard, â€Å"international trade is recognized as a powerful instrument to stimulate economic progr ess and alleviate poverty. Trade contributes to eradicating extreme hunger and poverty (MDG 1), by reducing by half the proportion of people suffering from hunger and those living on less than one dollar a day, and to developing a global partnership for development (MDG 8), which includes addressing the least developed countries’ needs, by reducing trade barriers, improving debt relief and increasing official development assistance from developed countries†. (Cordoba Bouhey, 2008) Despite this rhetoric from WTO and the UN, the ground realities happen to be quite different. For example, globalization has led to the practice of exploitation of cheap labour in developing countries. A highly publicized recent case is the operations of sportswear maker Nike in countries such as Indonesia and Philippines. Documentary filmmakers have recorded the inhuman working conditions offered to labourers in Nike plants in these countries. Moreover, these workers were never offered medic al insurance or prescribed minimum wages. As a consequence of this negative publicity, many consumers in the West have refused to consume products that were manufactured through exploitation of labour in developing nations. While the condition in manufacturing hubs of Taiwan, Thailand and China are not as harsh as in Indonesia and Philippines, they only barely adhere to international human rights standards (Colares, 2009). So, while global capitalism is further developing the length and breadth of its reach, it benefits certain sections of people while disadvantaging others. While each country has its own set of labour laws that specify the minimum wage and acceptable working conditions and duration of work, it is common knowledge that these laws are easily circumvented. Given that several developing nations do not have robust law enforcement mechanisms and robust democratic institutions to carry out the mandate of the people, there is a case to be made for broadening the scope of o rganizations such as WTO, World Bank and the IMF. For example, in Southeast Asian nations of Indonesia, Thailand; Asian nations of Bangladesh, India and Pakistan, and several East European countries such as Belarus, Georgia, and Croatia and to a lesser extent in China, the levels of corruption have increased since the opening up of their economies (Narlikar, 2003). The misuse of public power for private gain is growing into epidemic proportions in developing nations. As of now the WTO is a purely economic institution, restricting itself to facilitating cross-national trade and money flow. If it takes upon itself the responsibility of social justice as well, then the results of neo-liberal globalization would be much different in the developing world. The implication being that along with exempting developing nations from certain WTO rules, a valid claim is to be made for broadening the existing rules as well (Frieden, 2003). It is a reflection of the unfairness of existing WTO and W orld Bank policies that there have been instances of protest and demonstration against policies made in these institutions. The issue of globalization and the resultant injustices to the developing world, such as exploitation of labour and degradation of environment, has outraged intellectuals and community leaders in these nations. This movement for an equitable and just economic system is termed in the mainstream media as â€Å"anti-globalization† movement. But this is a subtle ploy to undermine the movement, as those involved in it refer to it as the â€Å"social justice† movement. Generally, the issue of globalization has divided the world into two opposing camps (Siddiqi, 2006). Government institutions and business corporations from developed countries are predominantly in support of it and they also happen to possess most of the wealth and power. The majority of those opposing it are from the developing world, including the continents of South America, South Asia and Africa. Events such as the World Social Forum are conceived and conducted in the developing world and purport to serve as alternatives to the policies initiated by the World Economic Forum and its allied institutions such as the WTO. It is no coincidence that the WEF takes place in Davos in Switzerland, a country that is a banking haven for the rich. The World Social Forum events that are conducted with periodic intervals are proving to be a great success in invoking the spirit of resistance in the impoverished people of the world. WSF events in Porto Allegre in Brazil and Mumbai in India have seen large participation from people all developing nations. Intellectuals such as Vandana Shiva and Arundhati Roy (both from India) and the poet Marcos (from Mexico) are at the forefront of the movement for social justice. These developments show the inherent drawbacks in the policy framework adopted by the WTO towards developing nations (Siddiqi, 2006). Unless it recognizes this and ado pts a more equitable policy framework – one that caters to the needs of all people including the poor – the relevance and legitimacy of WTO would remain dubious. We will write a custom essay sample on Should developing countries be exempted from WTO rules? Essay Example specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Should developing countries be exempted from WTO rules? Essay Example specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Should developing countries be exempted from WTO rules? Essay Example specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer

Saturday, March 14, 2020

Themes in Jane Eyre essays

Themes in Jane Eyre essays In the following excerpt, Kramer examines the interplay between Jane's concern for equality and her urges to submit or rebel. The fact is that the motivating forces of Jane Eyre's personality are not sexual concepts at all but personal concepts. She reacts as she does to erotic situations not because of repressions or of desires to emasculate or castrate her menfolk but because she fully understands her own motivations. She also comprehends the significance of alternatives she is presented with, and the states of life that her choice of action can lead her to. Unlike the actions of modern protagonists, whose lives are a continual process of self-frustration and self-discovery, Jane's conform to her principles and her understanding of her moral and physical needs. Jane herself controls the point of view and provides the standards by which she herself and all the other characters are evaluated; thus she herself is not only the principal integrating force in the novel but is also the most complex character in the story, with instincts and standards at odds with each other. The psychological action will therefore be the interplay of divergent impulses within her, and the final reconciling or proper ordering of these impulses will be the principal part of the final resolution of the novel as a whole. She demonstrates her self-confessed impulsiveness, her vehemence, curiosity, and rebellious nature, she admits that she cannot live without love but is independent enough to castigate Mrs. Reed, the person whom in other circumstances it would be the most natural for her to love. Again, by the time she becomes involved with Rochester, she communicates clearly the various conflicting impulses that impel her to thought and action. She consciously allows her attraction to Rochester to have temporary sway, enjoys a sublimated coquetry with him in argument, uses both common sense and impassioned self-chastisement to rid her mind of fancies that ...

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Geology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words - 5

Geology - Essay Example It is in these mountains that the described rock was found (‘Washington Geologic Newsletter’ 56) According to further research, there is evidence suggesting that uplifting of the Cascade Mountains that occurred in the Columbian river, which is denoted as the ancestral Columbia river exhibited a coincidence that saw the formation of a canyon through cutting. In the years that followed, fluid deposition and intracanyon flows accounted for the existence of basalt in the river channel. Such basalt is the basic material that formed the volcanic rocks similar to the type presented in the image. The latest event in the Columbia River basalt was the deposition of the saddle mountain basalt. Saddle Mountains have been described as containing high silica content, and of noticeably thin nature compared to other basalts of the Columbian river (70). The nature of appearance is the result if extensive compression as well as that of the ensuing extensional events that followed as the deposited basalt

Monday, February 10, 2020

Type 2 Diabetes In The Middle East Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Type 2 Diabetes In The Middle East - Essay Example WHO projects that the Middle East will account for the biggest rise in the occurrence of type 2 diabetes across the globe in 2030. UK’s medical periodical â€Å"The Lancet† predicts that the population with diabetes in this region will reach 60 million in 2030. Both projections are more or less similar but demonstrate the devastating outcome of widespread sedentary lifestyles and unhealthy diets. According to WHO, the biggest rise in mortality from chronic illnesses will take place in Africa and the Middle East. This predictive statistic is the product of a systematic analysis of 24 studies, which also showed the pooled occurrence of type 2 diabetes in the Middle East as 10.5%. More specifically, over 1% of Iran’s urban population over the age of 20 acquired type 2 diabetes in 2013 (Habibzadeh, 2012, p. 1).The most significant impact of type 2 diabetes on Middle Eastern communities is their health investments. Healthcare expenses are continually rising in the Mid dle East. The federation recently set expenditure for fighting both types of diabetes to increase from the current $16.8 billion to $22 billion in 2030 and $24.7 billion in 2035 (Bell, 2013; Kerr, 2014). This increase in healthcare investment is enough to bankrupt health industries of smaller UAE members and Middle Eastern countries. Investments in healthcare systems represent a financial burden to the Middle East, which is an economic impact. Another financial burden caused by type 2 diabetes is the loss of productivity.

Friday, January 31, 2020

Mangrove Analysis Report Essay Example for Free

Mangrove Analysis Report Essay Introduction Coastal mud flats throughout the tropics carry a vegetation of mangrove swamp, which is particularly luxuriant in the wet tropics, such as Cairns itself. These evergreen trees and shrubs share similar habitat preferences, and a similar appearance to the untrained eye. This report will explain my findings in this biological topic, and describe the adaptations the mangroves have developed in order to survive the harsh location of estuaries and wetlands; the typical layout of mangrove communities through an original transect; representative specimen samples and descriptions; and also the typical state of the water and thus the environment through regular water samples. Adaptations The estuaries, salt marshes, swamps and wetlands mangroves live in represent hostile environments to mainland vegetation and have forced upon mangrove evolution a few peculiar adaptations such as tolerance of salty water, the development of pneumatophores (breathing roots), and a marked tendency to germinate their seeds on the tree. These features have consequently enabled mangroves to dominate the muddy coasts, leaving few competitors and only a small percentage of non-mangroves surviving in the harsh conditions, most of the non-mangroves, as you will find, being part of the myrtle family. Because of salt water and oxygen-deficient soil, many mangrove trees have roots growing above the ground. The names of these roots are: prop roots, buttress roots, pneumatophores or knee roots, and surface roots. These  project above the mud and have small openings (lenticels) through which air penetrates and oxygen is absorbed through the spongy tissue to the roots beneath. Estuaries and swamps impose very high water salinity. In fact salinity percentages can stand on average 3%s as high as seawater! For this purpose, mangroves have acquired three ways to survive with high and variable quantities of salt in their environment. Some trees absorb the salt then secrete it through a gland at the indented apex of the midrib. The Lumnitzera Racemosa is only an example. Other mangroves absorb the salt, then direct it to old leaves or bark that are soon to be lost from the plant, while others actually exclude salt entirely from their tissues by filtering all input in the roots. The sap of these types of species is therefore almost of the same salinity as common mainland plants. Examples of these organisms are the Ceriops Tagal and the Rhizophora Stylosa or Red Mangrove, part of the very common Rhizophoraceae family. Another particular adaptation of many mangroves is seed and fruit dispersal by water. The swamp plants have waterborne seeds, which are buoyant being enclosed in air-containing fruits, like all species of Rhizophoraceae. For some, the seeds are dispersed by water, making the buoyancy of the fruit crucial. They lie horizontal in seawater, and on reaching brackish water, turn vertically roots down and buds up. The fruit then lodges itself in the mud along the trip, and quickly produce additional roots, and begin to grow as a shoot. But in other cases, the seed produces roots while still attached to the parent tree. This long embryonic root emerges from the seed and grows rapidly downward, still hanging from the parent. This ensures that when the seed falls, the root is in the correct position to be driven into the mud, and send up new shoots. This germination method is called viviparity, or more accurately, viviparous seedling. Hostile Environment As observed in the table opposing, salinity records are extremely high, ranging from 3.3% to 3.65%. This causes the mangroves to have trouble  regulating water/salt input, although they are better adapted to the conditions than non-mangroves and mainland plants. The average pH level is 6.25, which remains fairly stable. Average salt density is 1.023 grams/cm3, and is just as representative as the salinity percentages. Common Mangroves The most common mangrove trees in the estuaries visited in personal and school time trips were as following, in decreasing order of estimated frequency:  ·Rhizophora stylosa  ·Grey Mangrove (Avicennia marina)  ·Orange Mangrove (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza)  ·Lumnitzera racemosa  ·Milky Mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha)  ·Myrtle Mangrove (Osbornia octodonta) Amongst others, these species will be presented and analysed on the following pages, giving specific labelling, descriptions, and adaptation discussion for each specimen. Excoecaria agallocha Analysis:  ·Leaf description: The leaves are alternate, simple, oval, and shorter than 10 cm; they have a shiny surface and a pointed tip. Some can have slightly toothed edges.  ·Stem description: round, brown, flexible; with brown, rough bark.  ·Sap description: Poisonous white sticky latex is exuded from broken surfaces.  ·Root type: surface root.  ·Flower type and description: Male inflorescence hangs narrow and furry, while the female inflorescence is green, beady, 1-4 cm long.  ·Fruit description: three-lobed fleshy capsules, green to brown.  ·Seedling type: viviparous seedling. [By Nathania Burrie] [User: TaniaSmartTwit] [[emailprotected]] [March 2002] This species of mangrove has developed horizontal rows of corky-brown air pores on the trunk, which are called lenticels. These aid oxygen input by allowing air to enter the plant tissues on a higher part of tree, that has less risks of clogging by soil or oils, than the roots. Indeed, the root system used by this mangrove is the surface root, which only allows oxygen to penetrate at low tide, when the roots are revealed to the air, if they are even emerged from the mud. On a reproduction point of view, the seeds are live and enclosed in three-lobed shells that contain air, and are therefore buoyant. The shell is then carried away with the incoming tide and under the factors of water salinity and temperature, will deteriorate more or less quickly, until the buds anchor onto an ideal shore. This particular mangrove also secretes a blinding poison from any injured surfaces to protect itself from external aggressors. This sap is irritating to the skin, and some derivations of the genus can even cause blisters. However, this defence mechanism is only effective against aggressors once they have learnt a lesson. Ceriops tagal Analysis:  ·Leaf description: The leaves are a waxy yellow-green, shorter than 8 cm, opposite, simple, oval; they have a pointed apex, and occur in clusters at the end of the branch.  ·Stem: average.  ·Root type: buttress root, and knee roots.  ·Flower description: small green to brown buds with five green petals.  ·Fruit description: small viviparous fruit enclosed in small, brown, beady capsules.  ·Seedling type: viviparous seedling. [By Nathania Burrie] [User: TaniaSmartTwit] [[emailprotected]] [March 2002] Just like the Bruguiera and the Rhizophora, this species of mangrove uses a different type of viviparous germination from the Excoecaria agallocha. Embryonic roots emerge from the seeds and grow downward. When the seeds fall, they are driven into the mud, and send up new shoots. To prevent burning, the leaves are often orientated straight up in the air to avoid strong midday sunlight. Osbornia octodonta Analysis:  ·Leaf description: 2-3cm long, opposite, simple.  ·Stem: red tinge to the base of the leaves, grey and stringy bark.  ·Root type: surface roots.  ·Flower description: roundish white flowers with a red nucleus, usually 1cm wide.  ·Fruit description: a bit larger than the flower, similar shape.  ·Seedling type: non-viviparous. [By Nathania Burrie] [User: TaniaSmartTwit] [[emailprotected]] [March 2002] Being both of the Myrtaceae family the Myrtle mangrove and the eucalyptus tree share the very same fresh smell when the leaves are crushed. The seeds of the Myrtle mangrove are not viviparous, so the species cannot  spread to a vast surface area using the water-dispersed viviparous propagules as mentioned earlier. Interestingly, however, the crushed leaves can be rubbed on the skin as an insect repellent! Acrostichum speciosum Analysis:  ·Leaf description: Exceptionally, the leaves of this mangrove are fronds, and are known to reach up to 2m long! The smaller leaflets, though, are up to 15cm long. Leaves are alternate.  ·Stem description: yellowish-green, supple.  ·Root type: normal fibrous root.  ·Flower type and description: Ferns do not produce flowers, but have spores on the underside of the leaf instead.  ·Fruit description: Ferns do not produce fruit either. The Mangrove fern is the only fern that inhabits the mangal forest floor. In fact, all other ferns found in the mangroves are epiphytes (see definition chapter). Characteristically of ferns, this species does not have any flowers or fruit, but spores instead. Rhizophora stylosa Analysis:  ·Leaf description: simple, opposite, usually 10cm long or more, the undersides are of a lighter green dotted with brown speckles. They are gathered in clusters at the end of the branch.  ·Bark description: rough, brown, and red when scraped (thus the common name Red Mangrove)  ·Root type: prop roots or stilt roots (thus the name Spider Mangrove)  ·Flower type and description: small white, four-lobed flowers that are pollinated by wind or insects.  ·Fruit description: viviparous propagules, generally measuring 30cm or up to 40cm.  ·Seedling type: viviparous seedling. [By Nathania Burrie] [User: TaniaSmartTwit] [[emailprotected]] [March 2002] The Rhizophora stylosa has also developed lenticels on the trunk, just like the Excoecaria agallocha. This helps to allow air into the plant when the prop roots are submerged at high tide or in the anaerobic mud. The Red mangroves reproductive mechanism is viviparous, which represents a strong advantage compared to the majority of mangroves presented in this report. Avicennia marina Analysis:  ·Leaf description: simple, opposite, green, epileptic leaves of roughly 10cm, with a silver underside, and salt secreting glands.  ·Bark description: dull, grey-white bark (thus the common name Grey mangrove and White mangrove)  ·Root type: pneumatophores.  ·Flower type and description: tiny golden, four-petalled flowers.  ·Fruit description: The fruits measure from 1 to 2cm in length, are green, and faintly furry.  ·Seedling type: non-viviparous. Pneumatophores are air vessels; a type of mangrove root that grow above the substratum or mud, and perpendicular to the main root underground. They transport oxygen, which is vital, into the tissues of the plant. But pneumatophores are just as susceptible to clogging as other pores in the other types of roots when the tide is high, or when parasites feed into the pores of the root. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza Analysis:  ·Leaf description: simple, opposite, large leaves (10 to 20cm), with a slightly curled side and a pointed tip, occurring in clumps at the end of branches.  ·Bark description: The Bark is of a very dark brown, with a coarse, rough texture.  ·Root type: knee roots.  ·Flower type and description: 8 to 16-lobed red flowers, approximately 4cm long and 3cm diameter.  ·Fruit description: green, wide viviparous propagules, average 15cm long.  ·Seedling type: viviparous seedling. The viviparity of this species is surely an advantage, and obviously a way to adjust to the harsh environment the travelling seeds would otherwise perish in. Indeed, the propagules are nourished on the tree, accumulating the carbohydrates and other compounds required for later independent growth. The pre-germinated seeds benefit from the achievement of a structural complexity that will help it acclimate to extreme physical conditions that might otherwise prevent normal seed germination. Any other mangrove that uses this reproductive mechanism benefits from the same advantages. Knee roots are simply another type of root channels that emerge from the substratum to absorb oxygen through lenticels. Lumnitzera racemosa Analysis:  ·Leaf description: simple and alternate. Small (up to 7cm), fleshy, spatulate. Indentation at the apex of the leaf, where a salt-secreting gland is visible.  ·Bark description: grey, fissured.  ·Root type: small knee roots.  ·Flower type and description: small white flowers (~2cm).  ·Fruit description: green, capsule-shaped fruit.  ·Seedling type: non-viviparous. [By Nathania Burrie] [User: TaniaSmartTwit] [[emailprotected]] [March 2002] One way the Black mangrove has adapted to the brackish water is by using a particular salt mechanism: excretion. (See pages 1-2) The leaves are very fleshy and rigid to feel. This is because the plant stores more moisture in the leaves than ordinary mangroves. Definitions Aerial root roots grow from high branches downwards, sometimes without reaching the ground. Buttress root close, tightly curved roots dividing from the trunk. Compound leaf The blade is divided into two or more distinct leaflets. Epiphyte a plant that uses another plant (usually a tree) for support but not for water or nutrients. Some are able to trap their food and water in their leaves and roots. Knee root root emerging suddenly from the ground, in a triangular shape. Lenticel is a loosely packed mass of cells in the bark of a woody plant, visible on the surface of a stem as a powdery spot, through which gaseous exchange occurs. These are inactive during high tide. Lichen an organism consisting of a fungus and an algae or bacterium living in symbiotic association. Lichens can be crust-like, leafy, scaly, or shrubby in form. (Many lichens are extremely sensitive to atmospheric pollution and have been used as pollution indicators!) Pneumatophore is an air vessel; a type of mangrove root that grows above the substratum or mud, and is perpendicular to the main root underground. It transports oxygen, which is vital, into the tissues of the plant. Prop root straight roots often well visible from the ground, dividing from the trunk to the ground Simple leaf not divided into leaflets. Viviparous seedlings are seeds that sprout while still attached to the parent tree. Viviparity and the long-lived propagules allow the mangroves to spread over wide areas. It is a way to adjust to the harsh environment the travelling seeds would otherwise perish in. Indeed, the propagules are nourished on the tree, accumulating the carbohydrates and other compounds required for later autonomous growth. These pre-germinated seeds benefit from the achievement of a structural complexity that will help it acclimate to extreme physical conditions that might otherwise prevent normal seed germination. Transect  ·Dominant species: Non-mangroves (26%)  ·Dominant mangrove species: Orange mangrove (21.7%)  ·Tallest species: Eucalyptus non-mangrove (~11.5m)  ·Tallest mangrove species: Orange mangrove (~10m)  ·Tallest species by average heights: Rhizophora Stylosa (9m), Orange mangrove (8.8m), Black mangrove (8m)  ·Highest substrate scale: 3.5 (sink mid calf / knee)  ·Lowest substrate scale: 1 (firm)  ·Estimated average substrate scale: ~1.5 (soft to walk on)  ·Highest light scale: 5 (most open area)  ·Lowest light scale: 1 (mud completely shaded)  ·Estimated average light scale: 3 (dappled patches of light) Approximate Species percentages Pie Graph The transect is a linear cut through the mangroves directly from the shore to the woodlands. This transect was taken at Trinity Park Estuary, and can obviously not be drawn as an exemplary model for the standard zonation of mangroves. But the transect is, however, accurate and a representative sample of the mangal region it was taken in. The most common mangrove species of this region is the Orange mangrove or the Bruguiera Gymnorrhiza, representing over 21% of the mangal population. The height of the mangroves ranged from 0.75m to 10m for the Mangrove fern Acrostichum Speciosum to the Bruguiera gymnorrhiza respectively. The average height of the mangroves was 6.4m. Logically, the most open area within the transect was at a regrowth area (2.5m to 7.5m distance from shore) where very small viviparous seedlings were making their way through the anaerobic mud. This patch of mud was probably caused by regular incoming tides washing away young seedlings, making it difficult to cover itself with vegetation. Also, the regular marching of visiting fishermen and excursion students surely didnt help Mangrove swamps used to be regarded as smelly, muddy, mosquito-filled crocodile environments. They were avoided and many were replaced by rubbish tips or drowned in soil for new construction sites. The result is that today, mangrove swamps are lacking. They have finally been recognised as crucial to the ecosystem they represent, and are valued for primary resources in exportation. Ironically, us excursion students were visiting the mangroves to learn about the mangal environment and the way these plants work, although we were also, as a group, contributing to damaging the site by stepping on young growths, ripping samples from the trees etc. The damage caused to the plants was trivial but symbolic. It is important that the new generation learns about the fragility and importance of mangroves throughout the world, for their many significant purposes. They are in fact vanishing in many countries, while it has been learnt over the years and still should be taught to value these places instead of taking them for granted.

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

An analysis of Schools of Psychotherapy as they relate to Anger Managem

An analysis of Schools of Psychotherapy as they relate to Anger Management Anger is a basic human emotion that transcends cultural boundaries. However, despite its universality, an exact definition agreed upon by all people is lacking (Norcross & Kobayashi, 1999). Physiologically, brain centers in the amygdala are connected to anger processing. Because the information processing that takes place in this brain structure is primitive, anger can be triggered inappropriately and without the individual's knowledge of the cause. In psychodynamic terms, past events and experiences suppressed in the unconscious can be the source of generated anger. In cognitive-behavioral terms, anger is described as an interaction of behavior, cognition, and physiological arousal (Ambrose & Mayne, 1999). According to Deffenbacher (1999), anger may be aroused by specific external events, a mix of these external events with the anger-related memories they elicit, and internal stimuli such as emotions or thoughts. It results when "events are judged to involve a trespass upon the pers onal domain, an insult to or an assault upon ego identity, a violation of values and expectations, and/or unwarranted interference with goal-directed behavior" (p.297). Two main ways to treat anger involve helping patients to prevent anger activation or helping them to regulate anger manifestation. The former is generally a longer and more difficult approach due to the fact that early emotional behavior patterns are hard to change or eliminate. Therefore, the moderation of anger may prove to be a more effective route of therapy (Ambrose & Mayne, 1999). Many different schools of psychotherapy have addressed the problem of anger. Because of the lack of a universally identic... Psychology, 55(3), 275-282. Messer, S.B. (2001). What Makes Brief Psychodynamic Therapy Time Efficient. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8, 5-22. McGinn, L.K., & Sanderson, W.C. (2001). What Allows Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to be Brief: Overview, Efficacy, and Crucial Factors Facilitating Brief Treatment. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8, 23-37. Paivio, S.C. (1999). Experiential Conceptualization and Treatment of Anger. Clinical Psychology, 55(3), 311-324. Phares, E.J., & Trull, T.J. (2001). Clinical Psychology. California: Wadsworth. Van Deurzen, E. (2000). Humanistic-existential approaches. In C.Feltham & I. Horton (Eds.), Handbook of Counselling and Psychotherapy (pp.331-336). London: SAGE Publications.Ambrose, T.K., & Mayne, T.J. (1999). Research Review on Anger in Psychotherapy. Clinical Psychology, 55(3), 353-363.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Blood Diamond Essay

The makers of â€Å"Blood Diamond,† an exceptionally thriller starring a most excellent Leonardo DiCaprio, want you to know there may be blood on your hands, specifically your wedding finger. The story involves so-called conflict diamonds, illicitly mined stones that have been used to finance some of the most vicious wars in Africa. If films were judged solely by their good intentions, this one would be best in show. Instead, gilded in money and dripping with sanctimony, confused and mindlessly contradictory, the film is a textbook example of how easily commercialism can trump do-goodism, particularly in Hollywood. The 2006 movie (Blood Diamond) was recently seen by me, this is an American political war thriller film produced and directed by Edward Zwick, starring Leonardo DiCaprio, Jennifer Connelly and Djimon Hounsou. The title refers to blood diamonds, which are diamonds mined in African war zones and sold to finance conflicts, and thereby profit warlords and diamond companies across the world. During Sierra Leone Civil War in 1996–2001, the film shows a country torn apart by the struggle between government soldiers and rebels. It also portrays many of the atrocities of that war, including the rebels’ amputation of people’s hands to discourage them from voting in upcoming elections. The film’s ending, in which a conference is held concerning blood diamonds, is in reference to an actual meeting that took place in Kimberley, South Africa in 2000 and led to the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, which seeks to certify the origin of rough diamonds in order to curb the trade in conflict diamonds. In the face of the evidence, it is impossible to list any benefits for blood diamonds. They have been condemned by the United Nations. The sheer scale of the civil war in Sierra Leone they helped to fund, in which an estimated 120,000 people were killed from 1991 to 2001, proves that these illegitimate diamonds do nothing but cause human suffering. In February 2011, Charles Taylor’s trial before the Special Court for Sierra Leone heard that he received â€Å"mayonnaise jars† full of blood diamonds from the Revolutionary United Front, providing them with the arms they needed in return. The U. S. appens to be the largest consumer of conflict diamonds, purchasing over $33. 7 billion dollars’ worth of the rocks in 2005. Wondering what conflict diamonds are? I’m no fawning fan of DiCaprio, but the film â€Å"Blood Diamond† is nowhere near as fictional as we’d like it to be. Conflict diamonds involve abuse, corruption and death. There goes that gorgeous, shimmery, sparkling stone set in platinum I’ve been dreaming about. This movie and together with some other researches I did has made me to come into a conclusion and a question if I would ever wear a diamond. Here are important reasons, We’ve been conditioned to want a diamond. Who isn’t tired of the advertising and marketing ploys used to brainwash us into believing our value as women rests on the size of our†¦gem? (Toss that in with measurements and marital status and we’ve got an endless supply of not-good-enough. ) Marketers have thrown us a giant, glittering bone, and watched the profits pile up as we’ve chased, fetched and rolled over in order to conform to what we’ve been conditioned to believe is the only acceptable standard. Diamond prices have been artificially inflated by the diamond cartel. The average diamond sold in the U. S. has been over-graded in quality by 2 grades, and the average U. S. couple pays twice what they should for an engagement ring. Do i really want to enter into a lifelong commitment with a man who’s willing to waste his hard-earned cash on a diamond, especially when said diamond is ridiculously overpriced? Diamond mines damage the environment. This is important, even though it’s true of all types of mining, not just diamond mining. Mines are dangerous for workers (including children) and threaten our planet, too. I wish there were a way to dig that deep without so much damage. A diamond is not forever. Nothing is forever. Engagements, marriages, jobs, you name it. If they happen to last a long time, then you are indeed a very lucky person. Why do we kid ourselves into believing that a sparkling rock, delivered to us on the backs of the abused, purchased for more than it’s worth, marketed for more than it means and obtained at the expense of our own dear planet will keep love alive?.

Monday, January 6, 2020

What Is Electrical Conductivity

Electrical conductivity is the measure of the amount of electrical current a material can carry or its ability to carry a current. Electrical conductivity is also known as specific conductance. Conductivity is an intrinsic property of a material. Units of Electrical Conductivity Electrical conductivity is denoted by the symbol ÏÆ' and has SI units of siemens per meter (S/m). In electrical engineering, the Greek letter ÃŽ º is used. Sometimes the Greek letter ÃŽ ³ represents conductivity. In water, conductivity is often reported as specific conductance, which is a measure compared to that of pure water at 25 °C. Relationship Between Conductivity and Resistivity Electrical conductivity (ÏÆ') is the reciprocal of the electrical resistivity (Ï ): ÏÆ' 1/Ï  where resistivity for a material with a uniform cross section is: Ï  RA/l where R is the electrical resistance, A is the cross-sectional area, and l is the length of the material Electrical conductivity gradually increases in a metallic conductor as the temperature is lowered. Below a critical temperature, resistance in superconductors drops to zero, such that an electrical current could flow through a loop of superconducting wire with no applied power. In many materials, conduction occurs by band electrons or holes. In electrolytes, entire ions move, carrying their net electrical charge. In electrolyte solutions, the concentration of the ionic species is a key factor in the conductivity of the material. Materials With Good and Poor Electrical Conductivity Metals and plasma are examples of materials with high electrical conductivity. The element that is the best electrical conductor is silver -- a metal. Electrical insulators, such as glass and pure water, have poor electrical conductivity. Most of the nonmetals on the periodic table are poor electrical and thermal conductors. The conductivity of semiconductors is intermediate between that of an insulator and a conductor. Examples of excellent conductors include: SilverCopperGoldAluminumZincNickelBrass Examples of poor electrical conductors include: RubberGlassPlasticDry WoodDiamondAir Pure Water (not salt water, which is conductive)